# Excel Bi-Directional Temperature Converter A revised version of this content is now available at blog.officewizkid.com

I recently received a question on how to develop a bi-directional temperature converter in Excel. Sounds simple enough but the trick here is the bi-directional statement.

The requirement is as follows:

Let’s assume that Cell B4 represents temperatures in Fahrenheit and Cell D4 represents temperatures in Celsius. Changing one of them will need to automatically change the other one.

The end result should look like the following: Developing an expression that can do a one-directional conversion form Fahrenheit to Celsius is easy. Just type in D4 the expression:

``` =(B4-32)*5/9 ```

Developing an expression that can do the reverse (still a one-directional conversion) form Celsius to Fahrenheit is easy. Just type in B4 the expression:

``` =D4*9/5+32 ```

But doing both is much tougher. It creates bi-directional dependency between two cells that as far as i can tell can not be done with simple expressions.

The workaround I found is by going down-level to the VBA level and writing a macro to handle a “worksheet change” event. The event will be triggered every time a cell is changed, making this solution a little bit heavy when dealing with large Excel files. It also requires the Excel to be saved as .xlsm or Excel Macro-Enabled Workbook.

Here is a capture of the code: Let’s review these statements one by one.

First please open the VBA editor in Excel (see old post about that) and use the drop-down lists to first select “Worksheet” and then “Change”. This will generate for you an empty Private Sub called Worksheet_Change.

The logic here is not too complex and has two parts:

Check that the B4 (or D4) cell was part of the Target change range, for that we check if the intersection between Target and “B4” is not empty.

``` If Not Intersect(Target, Range("B4")) Is Nothing Then ```

Next we use the “ActiveSheet.Range” function to select cell “D4” and set its value based on conversion calculation as a function of “B4” value.

``` ActiveSheet.Range("D4").Value = (ActiveSheet.Range("B4").Value - 32) * 5 / 9 ```

Once completed, we can exit from that Sub. 